Allergies are one of the most common immune system disorders globally, which appear in response to contact with substances that are foreign to the body. What are the signs of allergies, what types of allergies, and how allergies are they treated – read about all of this in our article.
Approximately 10-30% of the industrialized world population suffers from allergic reactions, and the number of such persons is increasing every year. Allergens, i.e., provoking allergies, can be certain foods, pollen, pets, household chemicals, medicines, and other factors. Depending on the allergen, the allergic response may manifest itself through an inflammatory reaction on the body, sneezing, lacrimation, and a host of other symptoms.
Allergies are not a disease in and of themselves but a condition that can lead to the development of allergic diseases.
How to correctly treat allergies?
Today, allergy medications are viral, with a significant portion of allergy medications being dispensed from pharmacies without a doctor’s prescription. Keral is one of the best drugs that help with allergies.
It should be remembered that not even the best allergy medication will help the patient until the cause of the allergic reaction is eliminated. Therefore, the first thing to do is to stop the entry of the allergen into the body, not to eat foods that can aggravate allergies, reduce physical and emotional stress. Strictly follow and strictly comply with all the doctor’s recommendations on the treatment plan.
Definition of allergies and why they occur
Allergy (or immediate-type hypersensitivity, type 1 hypersensitivity) is an excessive response (reaction) of the immune system to foreign substances (otherwise known as allergens, antigens), which is typical only for individuals prone to allergies. In these persons, an excessive amount of IgE antibodies is produced in response to the ingestion of allergens, which triggers the mechanism of allergic reaction.
Signs (symptoms) of allergies
The manifestations of an allergy depend on the allergen that triggers the hypersensitivity reaction (allergic reaction). In particular, allergies can manifest as nasal congestion, bronchospasm (blockage of the airways due to bronchial spasm), skin redness, rashes, itching, digestive disorders, etc. Allergic reactions vary from mild to severe, sometimes even life-threatening (e.g., anaphylactic shock).
Causes of allergies (allergens, triggers):
- Insect bites: bees, wasps, mosquitoes.
- Allergens of animal origin: epithelium, scales, hair, saliva, urine of pets, dust mite residues, particles of cockroaches, daphnia (fish food).
- Allergens of plant origin: pollen of grasses and weeds (Polynesia, ragweed), trees (willow, oak, alder, maple, linden, etc.).
- Foods: wheat, nuts, milk, seafood, eggs, citrus fruits, chocolate.
- Molds (mildew).
- Medications: antibiotics (penicillin), sulfonamides, anesthetics (novocaine, lidocaine), and others.
- Household chemicals.
- Chemical reagents, dyes, varnishes.
- Cosmetic products.
- Other allergens: latex, nickel.
- Rare allergens (e.g., water).
Allergy is a typical immunopathological process expressed by hypersensitivity of the body’s immune system during repeated exposure to the allergen.
Before taking medicine for allergies, you should always consult a doctor. Do not self-medicate.